Fundamental Human Needs

Chilean economist, Manfred Max-Neef has contributed to human-scale development for the past half a century. In this time, he has accumulated a significant amount of research and writing, and has succeeded in countless activities on people-centered engagement.

Widely known for his development model based on Fundamental human needs, Max-Neef started his career as a teacher of economics at the University of California, Berkeley in the early 1960s. He won the Right Livelihood Award in 1983, two years after the publication of his book Outside Looking In: Experiences in Barefoot Economics.

Sustainable Development
Fundamental Human Needs
'Needs' & 'Satisfiers' Taxonomy Matrix
Genuine Progress Indicators


“You can only attempt to understand that of which you become a part.”

“In poverty there is an enormous creativity. You cannot be an idiot if you want to survive.”

“Growth is a quantitative accumulation. Development is the liberation of creative possibilities.”

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